Understanding teletandem language learning from an intersubjective perspective
Palavras-chave:Intersubjectivity. Language Education. Teletandem. Hermeneutics. Phenomenology.
ResumoThis paper is about an investigation on language description that focuses on the role of the establishment of intersubjectivity (McCafferty, 2002; Mori and Hayashi, 2006; Vygotsky, 1995; Duranti, 2010; Sambre, 2012) in the teletandem learning process. Intersubjectivity is understood as an experience of otherness between discourse subjects and is established between individuals as they recognize each other as individual subjects in social contexts. We report on analyses of teletandem data from one online interaction within the project Teletandem: transculturality in online interactions via webcam (Telles, 2011). The data were generated in a context of institutional and integrated teletandem interactions (Cavalari and Aranha, 2016). The oral sessions were audio and video-recorded. The recordings were transcribed and analyzed according to a hermeneutic orientation. The categories focused in the study contemplate (i) verbal and non-verbal communication, (ii) the co-construction of conditions for responsiveness in the target-language; (iii) bodily mimesis; as well as (iv) the co-construction of a shared framework of reference. Among other findings, the establishment of intersubjectivity encompasses both an immediate partner-to-partner dimension as well as a broader discourse community-based dimension. It has shown to develop as partners perceive each other aestetically through their voice and cinematic image, so that they can develop mutual responsiveness.
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